Sir Francis Galton (1822-1911) - English anthropologist, cousin
of Charles Darwin. Inspired by The Origin of Species, he
started his studies of anthropology in the early 1860s, as he
was reaching the age of forty. Founding the study of eugenics,
he advocated furthering the birth-rate of the "fit"
and reducing that of the "unfit." In the field of criminality,
he originated the use of composite portraiture and urged the use
of fingerprints as identification. Knighted in 1909.
More about Sir Francis
The evolution of fingerprinting
Garrick Theater - The landmark theater, in Charing Cross Road,
was designed in 1889.
Théophile Gautier (1811-1872) - French poet, novelist, critic
and journalist, author of Mademoiselle de Maupin. Played
a prominent role in the history of the Romantic movement, closely
associated with the doctrine that art neither could nor should
be in any way useful, influencing Walter Pater and the Aesthetic
Goliad - A village in Texas, on the San Antonio River. When General
Santa Anna began his advance during the war for Texas independence
from Mexico in 1836, Goliad was occupied by 350 American troops
under Col. James W. Fannin. Obeying orders to join General Sam
Houston, they were overtaken and after a two-day fight, they surrendered.
They were marched back to Goliad and shot at Santa Anna's command.
The Angel of Goliad
Joseph Grimaldi (1779-1837) - Most celebrated of the English
clowns, considered a pantomimist without equal.
Grimaldi in full flower, and faded
Sir Goldsworthy Gurney (1793-1875) - an unjustly forgotten inventor who, among other things, designed an early steam carriage. The carriage was not a success, largely because the passengers were seated directly above the boiler and weren't too happy about the possibility of explosions. Gurney later designed a version which carried the boiler in a separate carriage, but this too was a failure due to unreliability. (Contributed by Tom Wright. Thanks, Tom!)
Another explosive invention by Gurney.
Gutta-percha - An inelastic material, tough, but soft enough to
be dented by the fingernail, derived from the latex of several varieties of tropical trees, formerly used in electrical insulation,
cable coverings, and chewing gum.
The Difference Dictionary was first published
in slightly different form in Science Fiction Eye, Issue #8.
Text copyright 1990, 1996, 2000, 2003,
by Eileen K. Gunn.